Five minutes to understand Dante Network: “The Internet Protocol stack” of Web3

Jul 25, 2022 | Polkadot ecosystem

Dante Network is one of the winners of NEAR MetaBUILD Hackathon and is named “Most Potential Impact” in the Native track.

Dante Network’s vision is to build the “Internet Protocol” for Web3. As a middleware and infrastructure project, Dante Network is unique among the GameFi and NFT project winners, even though it is bound to provide continuous support for a number of diverse metaverse applications.

In this article, we will try to give a short explanation of Dante Network in conjunction with the whitepaper and related materials, and talk about the Internet Protocol, Web3, Dante Network, and the relationship between them.

Internet Protocol Stack

In 1969, the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) established the Apha Network (ARPANet) to interconnect four mainframe computers located at different universities. Since then, this connectivity has gradually expanded and more computers have started to join the network. And, over the following decades, the network has been continuously improved and refined, both in terms of the infrastructure and the associated protocol stack. The ARPANET has passed out of existence and is rarely known by people now, but it’s indeed the predecessor of the Internet.  In a way, without the original, there would be no Internet today.

The big-name TCP/IP protocol, for example, was proposed and gradually generalized during this period, and now it has become one of the indispensable cornerstones of the Internet protocol stack. In the process of ARPANET growing into the Internet, some standards and specifications were gradually formed and deposited, commonly known as the “Internet Protocol Stack”, including the famous TCP/IP Protocol, in addition, there are many basic protocols, such as ARP, DNS,  And HTTP/HTTPS, which is often typed into the browser.

The modern Internet is built on top of these protocol stacks, and the routing and switching networks that actually implement them. For most of these protocols, it is difficult for the common people to get a direct sense of them. For example, we use Telegram, we use Twitter, but we rarely notice that these software and their websites use the TCP/IP protocol and the HTTPS protocol, also, the DNS protocol saves you from having to memorize “” IP addresses when you want to access “”.

The gains and losses of Web3

In 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto released Bitcoin: A Peer-to-peer Electronic Cash System. It had limited influence at that time, but no one expected that Bitcoin and the blockchain technology behind it would largely open the way for people to imagine and build Web3. Vitalik push it to the second climax in 2014, although at the time it seemed that Ethereum was far less well known and taken for granted than it is now.

The original intention of Ethereum was to build a world computer, and in a sense, it did, a Turing-complete, distributed, and decentralized computer.  For many years to come, the idea of decentralization also prompted a number of thoughtful people after another to take the path of Web3 exploration. Blockchain opens up the possibility of decentralized collaboration, however, it is also due to the technical system of blockchain that each blockchain network is naturally isolated, just like a separate computer.

In 2022, there will be many other world computers besides Ethereum, such as Near, PlatON, Avalanche, BNB, Solana, etc.  As I said, they’re all powerful, but they’re also isolated from each other.

Today, we don’t know what possibilities will be brought to the Web3 world with the breaking down of this isolation and fragmentation, just as people in 1969 could not have imagined the radical changes the Internet would bring to their lives.

Dante Network

Protocol Stack

If all that above we discussed makes sense, then it will be easy to understand what Dante Network is up to.

The famous OSI model has seven layers, physical layer, data link layer, network layer, transmission layer, session layer, presentation layer, and application layer. The TCP/IP protocol mentioned before is the protocol of the transmission layer and network layer respectively, while HTTP is the protocol of the application layer. These protocols work together to realize the interoperability of the Internet.

Dante Network has also planned similar layers from the perspective of basic and commonality, as well as protocols for each layer, which cover a number of methods and standards for data and service representation, data routing, information consensus, security quality requirements, etc. To use a simpler metaphor, it helps everyone agree on a language to communicate according to established words and syntax, so that they can understand each other’s words, know who is talking to whom, who needs whom to do what, and who does what for whom, so that everyone can fully collaborate.


At the same time, Dante Network will also implement an instance based on this protocol stack, that is, a network composed of nodes specifically to implement this protocol, which will physically connect the various public chain ecosystems in the Web3 world, just as the Internet needs some series of switches and routers specifically to implement Internet protocols to connect.

Based on the connection of Dante Network, comprehensive information interoperability will be realized between various public chain ecosystems, and even the interconnection of cross-chain smart contracts, which will greatly enrich the multi-ecosystem combinability of dApps and other DeFi applications. At present, Dante Network has realized the interoperability among Near, PlatON, Avalanche, ETH and Flow, and will continue to improve its completeness and security, and support more public chains.


Decentralized collaboration is one of the constant themes of Web3. In order to bring more possibilities to the connected ecosystem and make it easier for users to enjoy the benefits of connectivity, Dante Network will encapsulate and provide two types of SDK, one for dApp developers and one for node/community developers.

The Client SDK will provide development support for dApps, through which users can directly call Dante Network’s multi-chain services within dApps, enabling dApps to synchronize information and smart contract calls between multiple chains.

The Adaption SDK will provide development support for nodes. Developers can carry out secondary development based on this SDK to introduce more chains into the interconnection support range of Dante Network.


The interconnection and interoperability of Web3 is a great vision, the realization of Dante will bring innovative experience for Web3, just as the “Internet protocol stack”  is to the current Internet, perhaps, its value and significance need a long time to demonstrate, but, that does not hinder our expectations and longing for it today.


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